Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for overall health, and visiting a dentist regularly is vital. During a dental check-up, the dentist will examine your teeth and gums to ensure they are healthy. However, dental problems can sometimes arise, requiring more extensive treatment. Dental treatments range from simple fillings to more complex procedures like root canal therapy or dental implants. However, in some cases, tooth extraction may be necessary.
A tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth done under local anesthesia to numb the area around the tooth. Sometimes, sedation may help the patient relax during the procedure. Simple extractions are performed on teeth that can be easily seen in the mouth and are not impacted or broken. In contrast, surgical extractions are more complex and are performed on teeth that are impacted, broken, or have not erupted through the gum.
To this end, there are several instances where a tooth extraction may be considered necessary. These include:
#1 – Impaction and Overcrowding
Impaction and overcrowding occur when the mouth has insufficient space for all the teeth to align properly. This can lead to teeth becoming impacted, where they cannot fully emerge from the gum or align properly with the other teeth. Impacted teeth can cause pain, infection, and damage to adjacent teeth. Furthermore, the presence of impacted teeth can also lead to overcrowding, which can affect the alignment and function of the teeth.
If there is severe overcrowding, tooth extraction may be necessary to create enough space for the remaining teeth to align properly. This can help prevent future dental problems such as misalignment, bite issues, and difficulty maintaining good oral hygiene.
#2 – Gum Disease
Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a common dental problem that can occur due to various factors, including poor oral hygiene, smoking, hormonal changes, and certain medical conditions. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth, leading to inflammation and infection of the gums. If left untreated, gum disease can progress, leading to more serious complications such as tooth loss, bone loss, and systemic health problems.
Extraction will be necessary because severe gum disease can cause significant damage to the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums, bone, and ligaments. In some cases, the infection and inflammation may become so severe that it is no longer possible to save the affected tooth, so extraction may be necessary to remove the tooth and prevent the further spread of infection.
#3 – Tooth Decay
Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a common dental problem that occurs when the tooth enamel is damaged by acids produced by bacteria in the mouth. This can happen due to poor oral hygiene, a diet high in sugar and carbohydrates, dry mouth, certain medical conditions, and genetic factors.
Extraction will help because extracting the decayed tooth can prevent the spread of decay to neighboring teeth. If the decay is severe and has reached the inner layers of the tooth, such as the dentin or pulp, a root canal treatment may be attempted to save the tooth.
#4 – Injuries and Trauma
When you experience injuries or trauma to your teeth, it can lead to various dental problems. Injuries to the teeth can occur due to accidents, sports-related activities, falls, or physical altercations. These injuries can cause immediate pain, discomfort, and long-term consequences if not treated promptly.
An extraction is not always necessary, though it may be recommended in cases where the tooth is severely damaged or cannot be saved. In some cases, a root canal treatment or dental bonding may be used to repair the damaged tooth and restore its function and appearance.
The necessity of tooth extraction will depend on the severity of the teeth, so one must consult with a dentist if they feel prolonged pain or discomfort. Even if you think your tooth can be saved, you must seek professional dental care to determine the best course of action, especially since dental treatments are necessary to prevent further damage or complications. This way, the dentist can assess the extent of the injury and provide the appropriate treatment to prevent further complications.
If you’re looking for dentists in Sudbury, Sudbury Dental Arts can help! We provide comprehensive dental treatment solutions to ensure good oral health is maintained. Call us today to schedule an appointment!